5g

DSS – Dynamic Spectrum Sharing 5G-LTE

DSS – Dynamic Spectrum Sharing 5G-LTE

Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) allows operating LTE and NR networks in the same frequency bands. Dynamic Spectrum Sharing (DSS) is useful to allow operators to perform a soft refarming of the LTE spectrum towards NR. For Dynamic Spectrum Sharing support between LTE and NR in TDD bands. Some operators do…

5G MAC Protocol

Medium Access Control (MAC) protocol specification written in (3GPP TS 38.321).     MAC is a protocol layer above the physical layer and below the RLC layer. The ‘Medium Access Control’ (MAC) layer receives both the user plane and control plane data from the set of logical channels provided by…

5G NR  Protocol Test

5G NR Protocol Test

CafeTele 5G NR QUIZ Test, Participate in the 5G NR QUIZ and feedback us about your experience with the CafeTele Quiz segment.     Check some other Quiz from Cafetele https://cafetele.com/quiz-5g-nr-architecture/

5G NR CORE Architecture

5G NR CORE Architecture

With the rapid development of mobile Internet and Internet of Things(IoT), Telecom services have been increasingly multifarious. The three main usage scenarios for 5G, namely1. enhanced Mobile Broadband(eMBB) 2. massive Machine Type of Communication(mMTC) 3. ultra-Reliable Low Latency Communication(uRLLC), However, in terms of performance, the current 4G system cannot meet…

Dual Connectivity architecture options(MR-DC)

Dual Connectivity architecture options(MR-DC)

Multi-Radio Dual Connectivity: Multi-Radio Dual Connectivity (MR-DC) is a generalization of the Intra-E-UTRA Dual Connectivity (DC) described in TS 36.300 [2], where a multiple Rx/Tx capable UE may be configured to utilize resources provided by two different nodes connected via non-ideal backhaul, one providing NR access and the other one…

5G-NR Protocols

5G-NR Protocols

Radio Protocol Architecture The 5G NR radio access network is comprised of these protocol entities: Service data adaptation protocol (SDAP) Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) Radio link control (RLC) Medium access control (MAC) Physical layer (PHY) To meet the desired key capabilities of 5G NR, the other layers of the…

5G NR Frame Structure

5G NR Frame Structure

Frame Structure 5G-NR In NR, similar to LTE, a radio frame is fixed to be 10 ms, which consists of 10 subframes each of 1ms. However, different from LTE which has a fixed subcarrier spacing (SCS) for 15 kHz, NR supports scalable numerology for more flexible deployments covering a wide…

MIB : Master Information Block

MIB : Master Information Block

Master Information Block Direction: gnB=> UE Signalling Radio Bearer: N/A RLC-SAP: TM Logical Channel: BCCH Transport Channel: BCH The MASTER INFORMATION BLOCK (MIB) includes a limited number of most essential and most frequently transmitted parameters that are needed to acquire other information from the cell. The MIB is transmitted on BCH while all other SYSTEM INFORMATION messages are transmitted on DL-SCH The MIB is…

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