fbpx

Articles

Articles

 

Cafetele telecom training  team is here to update you with important topics. if you have any question about other topics, please send us your massage. We will be happy to hear from you.

 

5G

5G NR Data Rate (Throughput)

Date Rate Throughput defined in 3GPP 38.306(4.1.2) The DL and UL max data rate supported by the UE is calculated by band or band combinations supported by the UE. AUE supporting NR (NR SA, MR-DC) shall support the calculated DL and UL max data rate defined. In NR Data rate

Read More »
5G

5G NR System Information Block1

SIB1 contains information relevant when evaluating if a UE is allowed to access a cell and defines the scheduling of other system information. It also contains radio resource configuration information that is common for all UEs and barring information applied to the unified access control. Signalling radio bearer: N/ARLC-SAP: TMLogical

Read More »
4G

LTE Architecture

LTE Architecture : LTE network can be considered of two main components: RAN and EPC RAN: Ran includes LTE radio protocol stacks ( RLC, PDCP, RLC, MAC, Physical) when they are connected to EPC core. LTE Radio Protocol stacks new ( SDAP, PDCP, RLC, MAC, Physical, RRC) when they are

Read More »
5G

User Plane Protocol 5G

The 5G NR radio access network is comprised of these protocol entities: Service data adaptation protocol (SDAP) Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) Radio link control (RLC) Medium access control (MAC) Physical layer (PHY)

Read More »
5G

Key performance indicators

From IMT Advanced to IMT 2020 Performance measure Requirement Peak data rate DL: [20 Gbps] UL: [10 Gbps] Peak spectral efficiency DL: [30 bps/Hz] UL: [15 bps/Hz] Spectrum Scalability Yes Bandwidth Reference to IMT-2020 Bandwidth Scalability Yes Control plane latency [10 ms] UP latency URLLC, one-way [0,5 ms] UP latency

Read More »
5G

RRC Radio Resource Control Protocol

Services and Functions The main services and functions of the RRC Broadcast of System Information related to AS and NAS. Paging initiated by 5GC or NG-RAN Establishment, maintenance, and release of an RRC connection between the UE and NG-RAN including( Addition, modification, and release of carrier aggregation) & Addition, modification,

Read More »
5G

Dual Connectivity architecture options(MR-DC)

Multi-Radio Dual Connectivity: Multi-Radio Dual Connectivity (MR-DC) is a generalization of the Intra-E-UTRA Dual Connectivity (DC) described in TS 36.300 [2], where a multiple Rx/Tx capable UE may be configured to utilize resources provided by two different nodes connected via non-ideal backhaul, one providing NR access and the other one

Read More »
5G

Reference signal LTE VS NR

REFERENCE SIGNAL USE IN NETWORK LTE 5G-NR DL Channel State Information CRS, CSI-RS CSI-RS UL Channel State Information SRS SRS Data Channel Modulation CRS,DMRS DMRS Control Channel Demodulation CRS DMRS Phase tracking   PTRS Time and Frequency Tracking CRS TRS Beam Management   SSB,CSI-RS Radio Link Monitoring CRS CSI-RS,SSB RRM

Read More »
5G Protocols
5G

5G-NR Protocols

Radio Protocol Architecture The 5G NR radio access network is comprised of these protocol entities: Service data adaptation protocol (SDAP) Packet data convergence protocol (PDCP) Radio link control (RLC) Medium access control (MAC) Physical layer (PHY) To meet the desired key capabilities of 5G NR, the other layers of the

Read More »
5G

5G NR Frame Structure

Frame Structure 5G-NR In NR, similar to LTE, a radio frame is fixed to be 10 ms, which consists of 10 subframes each of 1ms. However, different from LTE which has a fixed subcarrier spacing (SCS) for 15 kHz, NR supports scalable numerology for more flexible deployments covering a wide

Read More »
5G-NR
5G

5GS Connection Management states

5GS Connection Management states Two CM states are used to reflect the NAS signaling Connection of the UE with the AMF: CM-IDLE CM-CONNECTED CM-IDLE state A UE in CM-IDLE state has no NAS signalling connection established with the AMF over N1. The UE performs cell selection/cell reselection according to TS 38.304 [50]

Read More »