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5G NR Frame Structure

5G NR Frame Structure

Frame Structure 5G-NR

  • In NR, similar to LTE, a radio frame is fixed to be 10 ms, which consists of 10 subframes each of 1ms. However, different from LTE which has a fixed subcarrier spacing (SCS) for 15 kHz, NR supports scalable numerology for more flexible deployments covering a wide range of services and carrier frequencies. In particular, NR supports the following SCSs (f0):
  • f0 = 15 kHz * 2m, where m = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4}, i.e., f0 = {15, 30, 60, 120, 240} kHz
  • Note that 15 kHz, 30 kHz and 60 kHz are applicable to carrier frequencies of 6 GHz of lower (sub-6), where 60 kHz, 120 kHz and 240 kHz are applicable to above 6 GHz carrier frequencies.
  • In the time domain, the subframe length of NR is 1 ms, which is composed of 14 OFDM symbols using 15 kHz subcarrier spacing and normal CP.
  • A subframe is composed of an integer number of slots, and each slot consists of 14 OFDM symbols. Each slot can carry control signals/channels at the beginning and/or ending OFDM symbol-(s).

Numerologies

Multiple OFDM numerologies are supported as given by Table 4.2-1 were and the cyclic prefix for downlink or uplink bandwidth part are obtained from the higher-layer parameter subcarrierSpacing and cyclicPrefix, respectively.

Frame structures of different numerologies should be adaptive, i.e., the length of (shortened) transmission time intervals (TTIs) and subcarrier spacing’s should be designed according to the richness of the channel.

5G NR Frame Structure

A single unified frame structure enabling all 5G scenarios and use cases Enabling low latency while retaining efficiency for non-latency-critical services Paired and unpaired spectrum (FDD and TDD)

Numerology =0 , SCS= 15 KHz, 1 Frame Structure = 10 Subframe, 1 Subframe = 1 Time Slot, 1 Time slot = 14 OFDM symbol

Frame Structure with Numerology 0, subcarrier spacing 15 KHz

Numerology =1 , SCS= 30 KHz ,1 Frame Structure = 10 Subframe, 1 Subframe = 2 Time Slot, 1 Time slot = 14 OFDM symbol

Numerology =2 , SCS=60 KHz 1 Frame Structure = 10 Subframe, 1 Subframe = 4 Time Slot, 1 Time slot = 14 OFDM symbol

  • NR frame structure supports slot aggregation and mini-slots.
  •  Slot aggregation refers to the case when transmission can span two or more slots in order to achieve improved coverage and/or reduced overhead.
  •  Mini-slots (also known as non-slot-based scheduling) refers to the case when transmission can span a number of symbols significantly less than the number of symbols in a slot (14), e.g., as small as 1-symbol.
  •  This provides more flexible resource management for a cell and possibilities to achieve low latency (LL), which when combined with ultra-reliability (UR) readily brings URLLC (URLL communications) services.

Slots:

Number of OFDM symbols per slot, slots per frame, and slots per subframe for normal cyclic prefix

Number of OFDM symbols per slot, slots per frame, and slots per sub-frame for extended cyclic prefix

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